Volcanoes Ramping Up Worldwide

The eruption of Santiaguito volcano

Eruption of Santiaguito volcano in Guatemala (webcam image: INSIVUMEH, annotated by Blog Culture Volcan)

Santiaguito Volcano – Guatemala

A major eruption occurred August 22, 2013. The top part of the Caliente lava dome collapsed and produced a series of relatively large pyroclastic flows and explosions. Ash plumes rose to elevations of 4 km (13,000 ft) in altitude.

The pyroclastic flows affected mainly the south, southeast and NNE sides of the volcano, but volcanic bombs from explosive activity were ejected up as far as 500 m (1,600 ft).

Fuego volcano – Guatemala

Fuego Volcano Guatemala

As seen at night, Fuego’s increasing lava is flowing toward Taniluya, Guatemala and Ceniza Canyon.

A surge of activity occurred overnight on August 19, 2013. Two active lava flows are heading towards Taniluya (on the western flank) and the Ceniza Canyon (on the southern flank). The lava flows have increased to 600 and 800 m (2,600 ft) in length, respectively.

Numerous incandescent avalanches are detaching from the lava flow fronts, and glowing blocks of rock are reaching past the vegetation limits.

Explosive activity from the summit crater has remained weak, with only few strombolian type explosions with incandescent bombs ejected up to 150 m (500 ft), and ash plumes rising up to 400 m (1,300 ft) in height.

Sakurajima Volcano

Strong explosions are occurring at Sakurajima Volcano – NASA

Sakurajima Volcano – Japan

On August 21, 2013, Sakurajima had at least eight explosions with ash plumes rising up to 4.5 km (15,000 ft) altitude that drifted over Kagoshima city causing ash fall. The volcano has been in an elevated state of activity during the past weeks. A significant hot spot suggests that magma levels are high in the crater, and significant amounts of  hot, fresh deposits are visible on the flanks of the volcano.

The next day on August 22, 2013, a very large explosion occurred (one of the largest this year). It produced a mushroom shaped ash column that rose about 6 km (20,000 ft) in altitude that drifted over Kagoshima.

Kizimen Volcano – Kamchatka, Russia

The lava dome continues to grow at the top of the volcano, and rockfalls and small pyroclastic flows can be seen glowing from the volcano. Ash plumes are intensifying at the volcano, and webcams have spotted a new prominent spine being extruded from the top of the cone.

Iliwerung Volcano – Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia

A submarine eruption occurred Thursday, August 23, 2013 in Indonesia. The alert level of Iliwerung volcano was raised from 1 (normal) to 2 (watch) following increased seismic and visual activity from an underwater flank vent called Gunung Hobal.

Iliwerung volcano forms a peninsula on the south coast of Lembata (Lomblen) Island, East Indonesia. Mount Hobal (Gunung Hobal) is a submarine flank vent of Iliwerung located about 800 m (2.600 ft) off the coast. Iliwerung has had several historic eruptions during which several temporary islands were formed.

White Island Volcano – New Zealand

A picture of the White Island volcano

Phreatic explosion at White Island, August 23, 2013 (GeoNet webcam)

A small phreatic or hydrothermal eruption occurred in the active crater, Tuesday August 20, 2013. The explosion lasted for about 10 minutes and produced a steam plume mixed with small amounts of ash that rose about 4 km (13,000 ft).

 Many More

There are many more volcanoes increasing in activity worldwide. The point to remember at this time is that the size of one eruption is not what changes our planet’s climate – it’s the number of volcanoes erupting at the same time.

Volcanic Eruptions Increase Worldwide

The following are volcanic eruptions that occurred Tuesday, May 7, 2013. Keep in mind that the CO2 emissions from each of these volcanoes averages about 950 tonnes per day – this is Nature’s own “global warming.”  Each of these volcanoes should be off limits to visitors, campers, hikers, and climbers around the summit craters.

A picture of Mount Mayon Volcano in the province of Bicol, Philippines.

Mayon Volcano in South Luzon, Philippines

Mayon – Luzon, Philippines

A powerful eruption from the summit crater of Mayon volcano in the Philippines occurred early morning, and killed 5 climbers and wounded at least 15 other people. They were surprised by an explosion that suddenly showered their camp with ballistic fireballs.

Reventador – Ecuador

The lava domes are active, with an occasional explosion and the emplacement of a hot avalanche or lava flow on the eastern flank where a new hot spot on the latest MODIS satellite data can be seen .

A picture of Tungurahua Volcano In Ecuador

Tungurahua Volcano In Ecuador

Tungurahua – Ecuador

An increase in eruptive activity is evident by continuous ash and steam emissions that are interrupted by cannon-like explosions producing ash plumes.  At night, explosive activity can be seen from the summit.  A significant SO2 plume can be seen on satellite data drifting to the NW.

Bagana – Bougainville Island, Papua New Guinea

Eruptions have intensified at the volcano. Over the past 2 days, several explosions have produced ash plumes rising to about 7,000 ft (2.1 km).

Batu Tara – Sunda Islands, Indonesia

An explosion produced an ash plume rising to 7,000 ft (2.1 km) altitude.

Paluweh – off shore Flores Islands, Indonesia

The Paluweh lava dome is relatively active, and is producing frequent explosions and hot rock avalanches. Hot deposits can be seen on MODIS satellite data on the eastern, southern and western flank of the dome. Several ash plumes rising to altitudes of about 7,000 ft (2.1 km) have been detected over the past few days.

Lukon-Empung – North Sulawesi, Indonesia

An explosion occurred at the Tompaluan crater that was heard up to 4 miles (6 km) away. Incandescent bombs were ejected approximately 650 feet  (200 m) from the crater. The eruption followed an increase in seismic activity starting Saturday, May 4.

Papandayan – West Java

Increased seismic activity has been detected at the volcano and the alert level has been raised to 3 out of 4. Sudden explosions can occur with little warning, and there is  a significant hazard to visitors around the volcano.

Cleveland – Aleutians Islands, Alaska

A large explosion occurred on Saturday, May 4, and continuous small eruptions are producing steam and ash plumes. The activity of the volcano is not monitored on ground, but is monitored by satellite data, which continues to show highly elevated surface temperatures at the summit.

Popocatepetl – Central Mexico

Emissions of steam and gas, with minor ash contents, have been venting around 1 per hour during the previous days, but continuing lava glow can be seen flowing from the summit. 

Santa Maria/Santiaguito – Guatemala

The lava dome is spewing sporadic, weak explosions, with minor activity from the lava flows on the flanks of the Caliente dome.

Pacaya – Guatemala

Weak explosive activity is continuous. It cannot always be observed, but can be heard and shows on seismic recordings.

Fuego – Guatemala

Six explosions produced gray ash plumes rising as high as 1,600 feet (500 m) above the crater.

Nevado del Ruiz – Colombia

A seismic swarm, indicating a rise of magma, resurged at the volcano. The largest quake was a magnitude 2.9, 3.5 miles ( 5.4 km) beneath the Arenas crater. It was felt around the volcano.

Magnitude 7.0 Earthquake Rattles Indonesia

The USGS map of Papua Indonesia witha  star where the 7.0 magnitude earthquake struck 4-6-13

7.0 magnitude earthquake strikes Papua Region, Indonesia – USGS

A magnitude 7.0 earthquake struck the center of Papua, Indonesia in a very remote, mountainous portion of Papua Province at 1:42 p.m. local time (12:42 a.m. EDT) Saturday afternoon, according to the USGS. The earthquake was centered 46.7 miles (75.1 km) below the ground.

The Pacific Tsunami Warning Center did not send out a Pacific-wide/Hawaii tsunami warning, but tsunami warnings were put out for Indonesia and Northern Australia, and Guam was put under a tsunami alert. At the very least, these regions will experience massive coastal flooding.

Within the Last 24 Hours

 The entire planet  is experiencing an uptick in earthquakes and seismic activity. On April 5, 2013 and the day before the Papua 7.0 quake , a 6.2 magnitude earthquake struck Eastern Russia at the NE China border, followed by a 5.9 quake in the same region. A 5.2 magnitude earthquake struck New Britain, Papua, New Guinea merely hours before the 7.0 quake in the Papua Province on the western side of the island in Indonesia.

Japan has had four 5.0+ magnitude quakes in the last 24 hours, the Caribbean Sea has had 7 quakes ranging from 2.5 to 3.3 in magnitude, Greece had a 5.3 a few hours after a 5.4 quake rattled Afghanistan and a 5.7 quake shook Myanmar.  South America has seen 6 earthquakes in the last 24 hours between 4.7 and 5.4 in magnitude.

An earthquake with a magnitude of 7.0 is a “major” Earth event that can spread widespread destruction. The hundreds of quakes ranging between 4.0 and 6.0 that are occurring today can result in much larger natural disasters yet to come. Keep your eye on LISS and USGS.

Disney Wildlife Preserve Florida, USA on the LISS Seismic Server showing an increase in seismic activity on 4-6-13

Disney Wildlife Preserve Florida, USA on the LISS Seismic Server showing an increase in seismic activity on 4-6-13